What Is an Appraisal?
Getting a house can be the most significant transaction some people will ever encounter. It doesn't matter if where you raise your family, a seasonal vacation home or an investment, purchasing real property is an involved financial transaction that requires multiple parties to pull it all off.
Most of the parties involved are quite familiar. The real estate agent is the most recognizable entity in the exchange. Next, the bank provides the financial capital required to finance the exchange. And ensuring all requirements of the exchange are completed and that a clear title transfers from the seller to the purchaser is the title company.
So, what party is responsible for making sure the property is worth the amount being paid? In comes the appraiser. We provide an unbiased estimate of what a buyer might expect to pay — or a seller receive — for a property, where both buyer and seller are informed parties. A licensed, certified, professional appraiser from Fmc Appraisals, Inc. will ensure, you as an interested party, are informed.
Appraisals begin with the property inspection
Our first duty at Fmc Appraisals, Inc. is to inspect the property to ascertain its true status. We must actually view aspects of the property, such as the number of bedrooms and bathrooms, the location, living areas, etc, to ensure they really exist and are in the condition a typical person would expect them to be. To ensure the stated square footage is accurate and illustrate the layout of the property, the inspection often requires creating a sketch of the floorplan. Most importantly, the appraiser looks for any obvious amenities - or defects - that would have an impact on the value of the house.
Once the site has been inspected, an appraiser uses two or three approaches to determining the value of real property: paired sales analysis and, in the case of a rental property, an income approach.
Here, the appraiser uses information on local construction costs, labor rates and other elements to derive how much it would cost to replace the property being appraised. This estimate often sets the maximum on what a property would sell for. It's also the least used method.
Analyzing Comparable Sales
Appraisers become very familiar with the communities in which they work. They innately understand the value of specific features to the people of that area. Then, the appraiser researches recent transactions in close proximity to the subject and finds properties which are 'comparable' to the property being appraised. By assigning a dollar value to certain items such as upgraded appliances, additional bathrooms, additional living area, quality of construction, lot size, we add or subtract from each comparable's sales price so that they more accurately portray the features of subject property.
Once all necessary adjustments have been made, the appraiser reconciles the adjusted sales prices of all the comps and then derives an opinion of what the subject could sell for. When it comes to associating a value with features of homes in Miami and Miami Dade, Fmc Appraisals, Inc. can't be beat. This approach to value is typically awarded the most weight when an appraisal is for a home exchange.
Valuation Using the Income Approach
In the case of income producing properties - rental houses for example - the appraiser may use a third approach to value. In this scenario, the amount of income the real estate yields is taken into consideration along with income produced by similar properties to determine the current value.
Analyzing the data from all approaches, the appraiser is then ready to state an estimated market value for the property in question. The estimate of value at the bottom of the appraisal report is not necessarily what's being paid for the property even though it is likely the best indication of a property's valuePrices can always be driven up or down by extenuating circumstances like the motivation or urgency of a seller or 'bidding wars'. Regardless, the appraised value is typically employed as a guideline for lenders who don't want to loan a buyer more money than the property is actually worth. At the end of the day, an appraiser from Fmc Appraisals, Inc. will help you get the most accurate property value, so you can make wise real estate decisions.